Posts Tagged ‘fiction’

how to write dialogue

March 4, 2017

INTRODUCTION

  1. write a paragraph for each dialogue. This provides convenience for readers, also looks well. Readers don’t get tired while reading.
  2. use punctuation marks correctly.
    1. “I don’t like sweets,” girl said, “because they are unhealthy.”
    2. “Are you coming to cinema?” he asked.
    3. “I said to him –  ” (if dialogue is interruped, use -)
  3. just use words like “said”, “told”, “asked” … or use words that indicate action or situation.
    1. He raised his dog’s head. He said, “look this satan.” => WRONG
    2. He raised his dog’s head. “Look this satan.” => TRUE
    3. He said, “look this satan.” => TRUE
  4. DON’T TELL, SHOW
    1. don’t use words like “get angry, grunt” .. instead of these words, show this situation using words like painting.
      1. “Get out here” she grunt. => WRONG
      2. “I don’t want you here.” she said. After that she pulled out the door, then closed the door sharply. “Do not come here anymore, asshole.” => RIGHT
      3. “I am tired” he said. => CAN BE BETTER
      4. “I cant move my arm. I have walked all day. ” => VERY GOOD
  5. throw away longueur words/parts..
    1. for example most readers don’t read words like “said, told,asked”.. if speaker is known.
    2. repeated words, sentences or ideas. (if repeating something has a mission at story, you can use it. for ex: “Waiting for Godot”)
  6. each dialogues must improve story’s event and flows.
  7. sentences must be simple, but not be prosaic.
  8. don’t let characters speak more than three sentences. So how a dialogue is interrupted?
    1. with natural ending of speaking. there is nothing to tell about situation.
    2. another character interrupt.
    3. interior monologue / idea
    4. some events occur while speaking

DIALOGUE DEVELOPMENT AND DIVERSITY

  1. answer a question or answer with question. so this starts a topic.
    1. A : do you think it is good?
      B : good? do you know what does “good” mean?
  2. interrupt a dialogue with another character’s speaking or an event which is occuring at that time.
  3. redirect dialogue’s topic.
  4. use silience as dialogue.
  5. add subtext to sentences. Assign meanings to objects, history, feelings, peoples or events at dialogue.
  6. use jokes,sarkastizm, absurds, misunderstandings, surprises, etc ..

WHY IS DIALOGUE USED?

  1. to learns character’s aims, hopes, history, feelings and thoughts.
  2. to continue communication and interaction between characters
  3. to learns character’s role (like good, bad, or teacher ..) in story.
  4. to provide new information that helps or hinders to character.
  5. to increase suspicion and tension.
  6. to arise new challenges to character.
  7. to remind character’s , scene’s or story’s aim.

 DIALOGUE PASSES ALONG

  1. don’t say characters already know.
    1. “We loaned, two years ago to buy this house,” she said to her husband. => FALSE. because husbands knows that situation.
  2. don’t use words or sentences which won’t improve flow of story.
  3. some characters forget important information. So this creates tension.
  4. the dialogue should reflect the three dimensions of the character.

CREATING TENSION IN DIALOGUE

  1. let the another character has different agenda or purpose. thus, he constantly makes contradictions against the speaker.
    1. A : We must talk.
      B : I am very busy now. I must finish the project.
  2.  don’t let characters give required information immediately. They must debate for something. There must be conflicts between them.

OTHER SUBJECTS

  1. pay attention the dialect.
  2. characters can have slight lisp, or use jargon.
  3. strong characters explain themselves with actions, not lot of words. When they feel bad things, they speak.
  4. if you want to start with dialogue to your story, you must enter the subject directly.
  5. emotion>actions>dialogue order:
    1. “i don’t know where it is”. he shook his shoulder. => FALSE
    2. his eyes opened, his breath stopped. he shook his shoulder. “i do not know where.” => RIGHT
    3. “i dont like this place.” Music affected her mind energy. she said, “i wanna go home. let’s”
  6. action- emotion-dialogue orders:
    1. action – dialogue
    2. dialogue – action words (like said, told, asked)
    3. emotion – action – dialogue

resource

  1. https://www.amazon.com/Dialogue-Busy-Writers-Guides-Book-ebook/dp/B00H17HGY8

 

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